The human foot has twenty six bones and thirty three joints and according to the American Podiatric Medical Association the average person takes 8 to 10 thousand steps per day. They also report that up to 75% of Americans have foot pain at some point in their lives. The shoes that each person wears can exacerbate or alleviate some foot pain. What can also help are some simple lacing techniques in order to help with a specific problem from high arches, to heel slipping, to bruised or black toenails.
With high arches lace your shoes normally and skip the eyelets where you are having pain near the top of the foot by lacing vertically up the shoe. Then finish with a normal lacing pattern giving your foot more room in your midfoot area.
If you feel as if your heel is slipping when walking or running then tie your shoe with a "heel lock." It is common for this to happen when running downhill. Lace your shoe normally until the top two eyelets, then lace vertically at the top two eyelets. Then run the strings through the vertically laced strings.
Just as with high arches, with a wide forefoot, lace vertically at the bottom of the shoe and then begin lacing normally.
If you have a painful big toe or black toenail, thread your shoelace through the opposite side eyelet on the top of your shoe, to the eyelet nearest your big toe. Thread the rest of the shoelace through the opposite side eyelets diagonally.
If you shoes feel too tight, try lacing your laces parallel. You will have to lace underneath and skip an eyelet on each side before crossing back over.